Opposition lawmakers called on Brazil’s Congress to reject a proposal by President Jair Bolsonaro to open indigenous reservations to commercial mining, saying it will endanger 200 tribes protected over decades by indigenous rights. Brazil has the largest number of isolated and uncontacted indigenous groups, 114 of the 185 known to exist in South America, said expert Antenor Vaz, who warned of the risk of ethnocide.
India Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro agreed to boost trade and investment in defence, mining, biofuel, cybersecurity, food, environment and health. In a joint statement the two leaders expressed confidence that a bilateral trade target of $15 billion could be set for 2022 by both countries. India’s trade with Brazil in 2018-19 stood at more than $8 billion.
Mining and Energy Minister Bento Albuquerque told a group of 12 European diplomats that Brazil’s government was pushing ahead with plans to allow mining on indigenous reserves. He said that “significant leadership” from native communities had asked for the opportunity to mine on their lands. President Jair Bolsonaro will send a bill to Congress later this month to regulate the activity.