Category: Public policy

Information related to political affairs that have an impact on Brazil’s economic development.

Brazil and Paraguay sign free trade agreement for vehicle sector

Brazil and Paraguay signed on Tuesday an agreement to boost autos and auto parts trade between the two countries. Under the agreement, Brazil will grant free trade treatment to Paraguayan automotive products immediately and Paraguay will allow Brazilian products to enter the country with lower taxes, which are of up to 2% and will gradually decrease until free trade conditions are met by 2022.

Bolsonaro proposes Fernández breaking the ice in Montevideo

The presidents of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro and Argentina, Alberto Fernández, could meet on March 1 in Montevideo, in a sign of truce after months of tension between the two heads of State. Bolsonaro made the proposal of the meeting on the occasion of the inauguration of the Uruguayan president, Luis Lacalle Pou, upon hosting on Wednesday the Argentine Foreign Minister Felipe Solá in Brasilia.

Brazil and Argentina discuss bilateral trade and diplomatic wounds

Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro on Wednesday hosts Argentina’s Foreign Affairs Minister Felipe Solá, who will also meet his counterpart Ernesto Araújo. They will discuss bilateral trade, the Mercosur customs union and Venezuela, according to official sources. Relations between the two key trade partners worsened late last year as Bolsonaro’s far-right administration clashed with Alberto Fernandez’s left-leaning government.

Brazil’s Amazon deforestation doubled in January

Deforestation in Brazil’s Amazon rainforest doubled in January compared with a year ago, reaching a five-year record for the month, according to the national space research agency Inpe. More than 280 sq km were cleared in January, an increase of 108%, and a record for the month since data started being collected in 2016. Deforestation in the Amazon soared last year.

Petrobras cuts gasoline price by 4.3% and diesel by 4.4%

Petrobras applied a price reduction on petroleum products in its refineries as of Thursday 6. The litre of gasoline will cost 4.3% less, diesel, 4.4%, S10 diesel for thermal power plants 4,6%, and marine diesel, 4.5%. Petrobras has not increased gasoline since December 1 and diesel since December 21. The accumulated fall in the year is R $ 0.02156 for gasoline and R $ 0.03236 for diesel.

Government speeds up approvals for mining exploration to up to 120 days

Brazilian mining lobby group Ibram praised a government decision to speed up approvals for mining exploration. Under new rules, the National Mining Agency (ANM) will have to rule on exploration requests within 120 days, and if the deadline passes, the request will be automatically approved. This will “create a more favourable environment” for raising funds for mining in Brazil, Ibram’s Chief Executive Flavio Penido said.

Big Brazilian share sale for $9.3 billion is coming soon

Markets will see R$39.5 billion ($9.3 billion) in share sales in the coming weeks, including the biggest offer since 2010, thanks to the government’s efforts to shed assets and a rush to stocks amid a hunt for returns. Development bank BNDES is leading the charge, unloading a stake worth almost R$24 billion in Petrobras, as well as shares of meatpacker JBS SA. Brazilian equity offerings rose 213% last year to R$115.1 billion.

Bolsonaro asks Congress to prioritise economic agenda

Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro sent a message to Congress saying that his legislative priorities for the year are the tax reform, the autonomy of the central bank, Eletrobras privatisation, entry to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), job creation and the enactment of a regulatory framework for public sanitation. Lawmakers returned from the Christmas break focusing on local elections in October, something that can hamper the passage of substantial laws this year.

Brazil and US sign nuclear energy cooperation agreements

The Brazilian Association for the Development of Nuclear Activities (ABDAN) and the Nuclear Energy Institute of the United States (NEI) signed a memorandum of understanding during the Brazil-USA Energy Forum in Rio do Janeiro. In the presence of Brazil’s Energy Minister, Bento Albuquerque, and US Energy Secretary Dan Brouillette, a letter of intent was also signed between Eletronuclear and the US company Westinghouse to extend the life of the Angra I nuclear power plant.