India Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Brazil President Jair Bolsonaro agreed to boost trade and investment in defence, mining, biofuel, cybersecurity, food, environment and health. In a joint statement the two leaders expressed confidence that a bilateral trade target of $15 billion could be set for 2022 by both countries. India’s trade with Brazil in 2018-19 stood at more than $8 billion.
President Jair Bolsonaro said in his Tweeter account that he authorised Brazil’s entry into the Public Contracting Agreement (PA) of the World Trade Organization (WTO), which includes the United States, China, Japan and European countries. The agreement obliges its members to give equal conditions to foreign and national companies in public tenders in the areas of goods, services and infrastructure.
Brasil President Jair Bolsonaro begins a four-day official visit to India. Trade between both countries during 2018-19 was worth $8.2 billion, including Indian exports of $3.8 billion and imports worth $4.4 million. Estimated 2018 Indian investments in Brazil were at $6 billion and Brazilian investments in India at $1 billion. Bilateral ties were elevated to a strategic partnership in 2006 and the two countries work closely at multilateral forums.
The General Administration of Customs of China (GACC) authorised the import of melon from Brazil, in what constitutes the first agreement of both countries on this fruit. China consumes approximately half of melon world production, equivalent to 17 million tons in 2017, and the Brazilian harvest coincides with the low season in China. In 2018, Brazil exported around 200 thousand tons of melon to USA, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, Russia and the European Union.
Anglo American on Thursday reported a 4% increase in fourth-quarter production, driven by a ramp-up at its Brazilian Minas-Rio mine. “We have delivered our full-year production targets across the business. Increased production at Metallurgical Coal in Australia was offset by the drought at Los Bronces mine in Chile,” Chief Executive Officer Mark Cutifani said in a statement.
Brazil’s Minister of Mines and Energy, Bento Albuquerque, said in New Delhi that during his trip to Saudi Arabia next July he will begin discussing possible membership to the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Brazil aims to become one of the top five exporters of oil in 10 years, Albuquerque said during an official visit to India where Brazilian oil exports fell 23% in 2019.
Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro said on Twitter he will create an “Amazon Council” led by vice president, General Hamilton Mourao, to protect and ensure the “sustainable development” of the world’s largest rainforest. Under Bolsonaro, the number of fires in the Amazon reached a 10-year high last year, prompting world leaders to denounce his environmental record.
Chinese beef importers are seeking to renegotiate prices previously agreed when they closed deals to buy dozens of shipments from Brazil. Some of them are refusing to pay for shipments that already arrived in China. Brazilian beef exports to China increased more than 50% last year helping beef prices in Brazil to reach an all-time high. Some Brazilian beef exporters are now trying to divert cargoes that have not yet reached China to other potential destinations, such as Iran.
The Latin American economy is recovering and will grow 1.6% in 2020 and 2.3% in 2021, driven by Brazil and despite the worsening of Mexico’s expansion forecasts and social unrest in Chile, according to the IMF report on “Global Economic Perspectives” presented today at the Davos Economic Forum.
Brazil Economy Minister Paulo Guedes attends this week the Davos Economic Forum, with the aim of attracting non-speculative foreign capital to finance projects, mainly infrastructure, showing the country’s improvements in inflation, risk, stock market rates and interests. The biggest attraction will be the privatisation and concessions package of state-owned companies, said the Privatisation Secretary, Salim Matar.